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Hathersage - A Peak District Village

Hathersage is a bustling large Peak District village, 12 miles north east of Buxton and  with historical associations to Robin Hood and the Eyre family. The village centres round a road junction above the River Derwent, where the road to Sheffield branches off the route which follows the Derwent downstream. The old centre of the village was just above the church, St Michael’s, which itself stands above and to the north of the modern village centre. On a knoll next to it there is an ancient earthwork called Camp Green, which is probably Danish in origin. 
Hathersage is a popular centre for walkers and rock-climbers, for on its east side the village is overlooked by moorland and a line of gritstone edges of which Stanage Edge is the largest. There are also spectacular tors, such as Higgar Tor, and the hillfort at Carl Wark, which has so far defied archaeologists' attempts to date it. Several of the edges were quarried and the area was a major source of millstones for grinding corn and metals.
The modern village has a range of pubs, hotels and shops including banks, cycle hire shops and outdoor equipment suppliers, with a cafe above. Behind the main street there is a public car park and the surprising luxury of an outdoor swimming pool (open only in summer). The railway station, on the Manchester-Sheffield line, lies on the southern edge of the village, while at the western end of the village there is a Youth Hostel.
Although Hathersage is primarily a tourist village now it was once a hive of industry with five mills working flat out. Until the late 18th century Hathersage was a small agricultural village with cottage industries making brass buttons and wire, but in 1750 a Henry Cocker started the Atlas Works, a mill for making wire. By the early 19th century there were several such mills in operation and activities had spread to the manufacture of needles and pins, for which Hathersage became famous. 
A paper mill was also in operation near North Lees, making wrapping paper for the pins and needles produced. Though water power was used initially for the mills, this was superseded by steam in the mid 19th century and the result was that the village was usually enveloped in a pall of smoke. Conditions for the workers were bad too. To make their points the needles had to be ground on a rotating gritstone wheel, a process which gave off fragments of dust and steel. Occasionally millstones would shatter while grinding, injuring the grinder. The lungs of the grinders gradually filled up with dust and their average life expectancy was 30 years. This prompted the interest of a Royal Commission in 1867 which led to one of the first Factory Acts, laying down working hours, requiring machinery to be protected and making it illegal for children to be employed on some types of work.
Wire and needle making moved to Sheffield at the end of the 19th century and the last mill here closed in 1902, but several of the mills are still standing - Dale Mill lies along the road to Ringinglow, Darvell's mill is at the top of the main street, and down near the stream at the bottom of the village are Atlas Works and Barnfield Works.
North Lees Hall Charlotte Bronte visited Hathersage in 1845 and used it as the 'Norton' of the story 'Jane Eyre' - taking the heroine's surname from the local family. She also used North Lees Hall, an Elizabethan manor house 2km north of Hathersage as the house where Mrs Rochester jumped from the roof to her death. North Lees is one seven halls built by Robert Eyre of Highlow (there were many local Robert Eyres) for his seven sons and is one of the finest Elizabethan buildings in the region - a tall square tower with a long wing adjoining.
Hathersage has made much of its connection to Robin Hood’s right hand man, the giant Little John, who is said to be buried in the churchyard of St Michael and All Saints.  There is a pub named after him and many visitors to the village make the pilgrimage to where he is supposed to lie. You can still see his grave, now maintained by the Ancient Order of Foresters, between two clipped yews just outside the church door in the village churchyard.

Why not stay in one of our many Peak District cottages and see lots more of Hathersage?




 
Peak District Villages, Great Hucklow , Derbyshire, SK17 8RG, United Kingdom - Show on map - Email : info@peakdistrictonline.co.uk - Sales Tel : 0845 166 8022
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